WHAT IS ORIGINAL SIN?
The Sin of Adam and Eve
And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”
[Genesis 2:16-17 ESV]
Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?” And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’” But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate. Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.
[Genesis 3:1-7 ESV]
Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us in knowing good and evil. Now, lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and eat, and live forever.
[Genesis 3:22 ESV]
THE EFFECTS OF ORIGINAL SIN
What happened after eating the fruit?
- Sin has entered the world.
- Because of sin, death entered the world. People lived shorter and shorter. (God warned Adam and Eve that they would die.)
- Henceforth, everyone is born with corrupt human nature.
Human nature tainted by original sin
This is the book of the generations of Adam. When God created man, he made him in the likeness of God. Male and female he created them, and he blessed them and named them Man when they were created. When Adam had lived 130 years, he fathered a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth.
[Genesis 5:1-3 ESV]
Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned— for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come. But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ. Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men. For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.
[Romans 5:12-19 ESV]
[1 Cor 15:22 ESV]
[1 Cor 15:47-49 ESV]
ORIGINAL SIN AND THE WORK OF SALVATION
Salvation from the carnal nature
The word salvation can be considered in various aspects. One of the things that Jesus Christ can save us from is the corrupted bodily nature – the so-called our old man. Jesus Christ came in order to free (save) us from the effects of original sin, that is, from the slavery of sin.
Conceived by the Holy Spirit
Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. And her husband Joseph, being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame, resolved to divorce her quietly. But as he considered these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary as your wife, for that which is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.
[Matthew 1:18-20 ESV]
[Acts 2:24 ESV]
Baptism frees you from original sin
We must be born again, no longer from the man “Adam”, but from God: from Jesus Christ. We can be born again through biblical baptism in the Name of Jesus Christ (the Name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit).
Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.” Nicodemus said to him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born?” Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’
[John 3:3-7 ESV]
Baptism gives New Life in Jesus, in His body. The baptized receives a completely new identity as a child of God, a member of the body of Jesus Christ, an heir to the Kingdom of God. Debts, curses, and other matters concerning the old man are removed and “nailed to the cross.”
What about generational sins?
Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come.
[2 Cor 5:17 ESV]
Does baptism take away the guilt of original sin?
Water baptism is not the forgiveness of the “original sin” because God does not impute to us the sins of our ancestors. Baptism is the spiritual death of the body bounded to sin, the corrupt nature caused by the sin of Adam and Eve.
[Ezekiel 18:4 ESV]
[Ezekiel 18:14-17 ESV]
[Ezekiel 18:19-20 UBG]
[Deuteronomy 24:16 ESV]